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A very large study of a placebo controlled study of preexposure prophylaxis included more than 5 000 women in three African countries. Participants were randomized to either tenofovir vaginal gel, oral tenofovir, oral tenofovir-emtricitabine or corresponding placebo...

In a prospective cohort study in South Africa 300 HIV-positive women were followed twice yearly with PAP-smears and cervical HPV-samples. All study participants were treatment naïve at inclusion. ART was initiated according to the South African Government protocol...

From 2008 through February 2014, 27 HIV-positive patients in South Africa underwent kidney transplantation with kidneys from HIV-positive donors. Only donors who were on first line ART or naïve to ART were accepted. The patients were followed for a median of 2.4...

A literature search of studies analyzing late relapse rate or reinfection in hepatitis C patients who had achieved SVR24 was presented at CROI. 66 studies with a total of 11071 patients were found. Studies were categorized to three groups, 1. Low risk population...

In the Henan province of China a regional HIV epidemic took place in the mid 19-1990´s as a result of unsanitary blood and plasma selling practices. As a result of this epidemic there is a cohort of discordant married couples that has been followed since 2006. The...

From a national Veterans Affairs database patients with initially negative and subsequently positive HCV antibody test were identified. Time of infection was estimated to be the midpoint between the last negative and first positive test. Those receiving treatment...

In a Chinese study patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma receiving chemotherapy including rituximab were randomly assigned to receive entecavir or lamuvidine to prevent hepatitis B reactivation. Patients in the study were hepatitis B surface antigen positive...

A total of 90 French patients with primary HIV-infection were randomized to a standard 3 drug regimen including tenofovir, emtricitabin and boosted darunavir or the same drugs plus raltegravir and maraviroc. The aim was to explore if intensified therapy during...

Almost 18 000 HIV positive individuals from 8 different cohorts in Europe and North America were followed for close to 80 000 person years. IVDU:s was excluded from the analysis. The participants were classified as smokers, former smokers and never smokers. Patients...

Since 1991 CDC has investigated all cases of occupationally acquired HIV in health care personnel. From 1985 to 2013 a total of 58 confirmed and 150 possible cases were reported. Of the 58 confirmed cases 49 were infected through percutaneous puncture or cut, 5 by...

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